During my college years I played jazz and rock gigs with bands in New York City: juggling academic requirements with the demands of musicianship, musicians, club owners and audiences. It was not easy: both the music side and the academic side suffered from the divided allegiances. In those early years artistic developmental crises and unavoidable questions loomed: about correct responses to musical works, creativity, audience acceptance, artistic quality and value, self-expression, and artistic legitimacy.

I needed to know, e.g., where to draw the line between artistic innovation and fraudulence.

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Robert Kraut / The American Society for Aesthetics ©2017

courtesy of  The American Society of Aesthetics ©2017