In 1822, the Foreign Minister of Great Britain, George Canning, sent a memo to his Prime Minister, the Duke of Wellington, in which he laid out what he considered, should be the basic principle of Great Britain’s foreign policy:

“[We should not consider] the wishes of any other government, or the interests of any other people, except in so far as those wishes, those feelings and those interests may, or might, concur with the just interests of England.”

At that time, Great Britain was the hegemonic power of the world-system and was able very largely to impose its wishes on the rest of the world.

Today, in the Arab countries, there is great turmoil. And, as the turmoil unfolds, there are a  (to read more)

Copyright 2017,Immanuel Wallerstein,used by permission of Agence Global(to read more)